節錄自U.S. National Institutes of Health 美國國家衛生研究院clinicaltrials.gov(臨床實驗.gov)
2）在認知和行為的控制的優點 , 已在成人學習太極，舞蹈，或靜定中得到了驗證。
2）雖然有許多以運動來改善認知的證據 , 太極為8-12歲在遊戲中最容易的實施方式以”推手”的形式實施。
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) has tremendous individual and societal impact, and the effectiveness of current standard treatments is limited. We examine a novel treatment that could remediate the core features of ADHD and thereby contribute to sustained improvements in behavioral control. This approach is motivated by mounting evidence that children with ADHD show difficulties with motor control, and that these motor deficits are strongly associated with the core behavioral features of ADHD. We employ Tai Chi, targeting improvements in well-established behavioral and physiologic measures of motor control, and with this, improvements in ADHD symptoms. The proposed study offers immense potential for the development of novel therapeutic approaches for ADHD with little risk of adverse reaction.
The over-arching goal of this proposal is to examine a movement-based mindfulness training as a therapeutic intervention for children with ADHD. This approach is motivated by two complimentary lines of evidence: 1) Children with ADHD show impairments in motor control that parallel (and correlate with) core deficits in behavioral control that define the disorder. 2) Gains in cognitive and behavioral control have been observed in adults learning Tai Chi, dance, or meditation. These lines of evidence provide substantial motivation for our proposed investigation of movement-based mindfulness training in children with ADHD. Specifically, we propose to evaluate an established Tai Chi-based intervention. We chose this approach for a number of reasons: 1) Tai Chi is among the most well-established movement-based interventions with documented therapeutic effects, including cognitive effects. 2) While many movement-based approaches show evidence of yielding cognitive improvements Tai Chi provides excellent opportunities for engagement of 8-12 year old children in the form of the collaborative game “push hands.” 3) Tai Chi instruction consists of gentle movements that can be practiced even by those with physical limitations, and is readily available in the United States so the protocols developed in this study will be straightforward to deploy at a national level.
Hypothesis: After participating in a Tai Chi program, children with ADHD will show improvements in behavioral and physiologic measures of motor control. We further expect movement-based training will result in decreases in ADHD symptom severity.